Thursday, November 04, 2004

Summary of critics continued

Carl Jung
*Collective unconscious is where the archetype comes from, the universal models for human behavior
*gender archetypes: anima-female unconscious in men; animos-male unconscious in women
*syzygy-closest humans come to collective unconscious, primal force within all humans

*A poet is one who possesses a great knowledge of human nature
*Nature inspires the poet
*Poetry should be written in everyday language that reflects reality since it is about everyday life, the flowery language associated with poetry is contradictory

Edgar Alan Poe
*"The Raven" is an example of a poem that is just right, it posses all the necessary parts that a great poem must have in the correct order
*A poet must follow a form when writing a great poem, starting with the outcome of the poem in mind first.

Jane Tompkins
*Take of your straight jacket
*write from your heart, don't be afraid to lay your emotions out on the page for your reader,connect with your audience, that's what makes a good text
*The personal contact between the author and their audience has become a rare thing, we need to re-introduce emotion into the text

Laura Mulvey
*feminist film critic interested in the representation of the female body in various art forms
* coined the term "male gaze" an obsession with the visual pleasures of the female body
*Confronts us with the theory that all humans are bisexual

Julia Kristeva
*interested in the intertextuality of literature, says that the meaning of a text relies on existing texts in order to decode the authors intended meaning
*feminist theorist

Roland Barthes
*embodiment of language, "do not look at me, I don't exits"
*language is dead, the author killed language when they wrote it down
*neurosis-why we gain pleasure from text

Mikehl Bakhtin
*poetry is impractical because written words cannot capture the essential dialect of language
*only the novel can illuminate the true essence of dialogue
*diological imagination-a genre within itself

John Batisto Vico
*argues that there is a universality of history
*Three ages: Gods, Hero's, Men
*each age signifies a period in history: Gods=oral tradition, Hero's=symbols and images, Men=words


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