Tuesday, November 09, 2004

key concept from our critics continued

Nietzsche (Jamie)
*truth does not exist in reality or literature/truth is dependent on language and concepts of society
*Sprachkrise-German for inadequacy of language
*truth as a mobile army of metaphors

Terry Eagleton (Nikole)
*marxist critic
*concerned with literature as class oriented, as an outgrowth of nationalism, and used to reinforce the dominant social order

Horace (J.R.)
*concerned with the craft of poetry, must be practiced in order to be mastered
*the purpose of poetry is to instruct and entertain
*decorum- the unity of the piece is the most important thing

Simone DeBeauvoir (Jennifer)
*feminist critic, wrote the book "Second Sex"
*women are defined by men, women reflect men
*wants to change the way society views women, "one is not born but becomes a women."

*formalist, new-critic/concerned with finding the meaning in the organic structure of text
*autotellic-text is independent of all outside sources, meaning of text has nothing to do with the readers response
*intentional fallacy-true meaning of text is not what the author intended the meaning to be when he/she wrote the text

Gilbert-Gubar (Yoshie)
*feminist critic, wrote "The Mad Women in the Attic."
*concerned with anxiety of authorship in male author, always in competition with precursor
*literature is patriarchal, male author is afraid to create anything feminine in a text

Henry Lewis Gates (Opai)
*concerned with future of black race
*goal to preserve and resurrect black texts
*"race is a text."

Foucault (Andrea)
*concerned with discourse, writing about writing
*believes the author is dead, social constructions allow authors to have one style only
*the author is no longer the center of the universe

Walter Benjamin
*The aura of art is not timeless, it changes with modernity
*film is the only art form that changes with time, it moves with modernity, painting looses quality
*society views art and culture differently with the production of technology

Thomas Love Peacock (Ed)
*reading modern poetry is useless and a waste of time
*poetry used to be good in its golden age, language was perfected and everything has been said
*modernity has experienced a digression because we are still reading poetry when science has taken over

Fredrick Schleiremacher (Lindsey)
*theory of hermenutics- understanding a text through systematic procedure
*to understand one part of the context of a text, the reader must understand the whole
*allegory and symbolism lead to a misunderstanding of the text

Hugh of St. Victor
*reading is the most important part of criticism
*a close reading of the text reveals wisdom, wisdom is what we strive for
*we all have a hiding place in our hearts where we store wisdom from a text, the more wisdom we receive, the more radiant we become


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